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Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease

for Health Care Providers

Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease

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CHDCHD Risk EquivalentsCHD Risk Factors
  • History of MI
  • Unstable angina
  • Stable angina
  • CHD procedures
  • Evidence of clinically significant myocardial ischemia
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Carotid artery disease
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Transient ischemic attacks
  • 2 or more CHD risk factors with a 10-year risk of CHD >20% (see the 10-year cardiac event risk calculatorLink will take you outside the VA website.)
  • Male sex
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg or taking antihypertensive medication)
  • HDL <40 mg/dL (if HDL is ≥60 mg/dL, subtract 1 risk factor)
  • Patient age ≥45 (men) or ≥55 (women)
  • Family history of premature CHD in first-degree relatives aged <55 (men) or <65 (women)

From Dyslipidemia
Primary Care of Veterans with HIV
Office of Clinical Public Health Programs
Veterans Health Administration, 2009