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You just tested negative--now what?

for Veterans and the Public

You just tested negative--now what?

Testing negative for HIV can be a huge relief. You have made an important choice to take care of yourself by getting tested. You should be proud of that.

Remember, though, it can take a couple of weeks (and in rare cases up to several months) for an HIV test result to be positive for HIV after infected. This period of time is called the "window period." If you have had any possible exposures to HIV in the previous few months, you should get tested again in 1 to 3 months to be sure that you do not have HIV, and continue to protect yourself (for example, with condoms or PrEP) in the meantime. If you feel sick or have symptoms that might be caused by acute HIV infection (see What are the symptoms?), see your provider right away. You may need additional testing for acute HIV.

Testing negative for HIV does not mean that you are immune to the virus, so it is important to continue protecting yourself. Don't get discouraged or give up if you slip (by having sex without a condom or by sharing needles).

There are several things you can do to keep protecting your health, now that you know you are negative:

  • If you do not already see a doctor regularly, start now. It is always a good idea to have regular checkups, and your doctor will have a medical history of your health to refer to if you get sick.
  • Ask for support in staying HIV negative. There are support services that can help you stick to your decision to stay safe. Your health care provider and/or the clinic social worker should have a list of such service providers. Consider using PrEP (preexposure prophylaxis), which is a pill taken every day to prevent HIV infection; talk to your medical provider about this.