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Nausea and vomiting

for Veterans and the Public

Nausea and vomiting

Nausea can be caused by many things, including certain medications used to treat HIV (though severe nausea from HIV medications is rare). This usually goes away within a few weeks after starting a new medication.

Call your doctor if nausea or vomiting keeps you from taking your medication.

Quick Tips: Nausea and vomiting

What to try:

  • Eat smaller meals and snack more often.
  • The BRAT Diet (bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast) can help with nausea and diarrhea.
  • Keep dry crackers by your bed. Before getting out of bed in the morning, eat a few and stay in bed for a few minutes. This can help reduce nausea.
  • Try some herbal tea--such as peppermint or ginger tea.
  • Sip cold, carbonated drinks such as ginger ale.
  • Try eating ginger, such as in ginger tea, ginger ale, or ginger snaps.
  • Talk with your VA health care provider about whether you should take medicine for your nausea.
  • If you do vomit, be sure to "refuel" your body with fluids such as broth, carbonated beverages, juice, or popsicles.

What to avoid:

  • Avoid things that can upset the stomach, such as alcohol, aspirin, caffeine, and smoking.
  • Avoid foods or smells that trigger nausea.
  • Avoid hot or spicy foods.
  • Avoid greasy or fried foods.
  • Don't lie down immediately after eating.