for Veterans and the Public
If you got infected with HIV from unprotected sex, there is a chance you may have become infected with other sexually transmitted diseases, too. These include gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia. Hepatitis C is increasingly recognized as a sexually transmitted disease as well, particularly among men who have sex with men.
The bacteria that cause these diseases can be found in the throat, penis, vagina, and rectum. The bacteria that cause syphilis and gonorrhea can also spread through the blood to other parts of your body. Having one of these other diseases can make your HIV advance faster. They can also make you 2 to 5 times more likely to pass HIV along to a sexual partner. Syphilis, for example, can cause open sores on your genitals, which allows easy passage of HIV from you to your partner.